Collectively, the evidence studied by ichnologists helps to paint a picture of long-gone landscapes and the creatures and plants that populated those spaces.
The discovery of a unique 510 million-year-old fossil in a Pennsylvania churchyard offers new clues into how early life evolved on Earth.
There is something near-miraculous in the concept of tiny creatures, weighing just grams, making tracks and traces so long ago, that are now evident in rock.
Some penguins would have been as tall (or even taller) than adults today.
Two newly discovered species of quokka-sized kangaroos, which lived 18 million years ago in the Queensland rainforest, show evolution in the act of giving kangaroos a taste for leaves.
Spoiler: lots more floods.
The lack of large numbers of fossils makes it hard to study sexual dimorphism in dinosaurs. But a new statistical approach offers insight into this question and others across science.
Baby Yingliang is a perfectly preserved oviraptorosaur embryo, a species where findings reveal the connections between dinosaurs and birds.
Why our chance discovery of an Arthropleura as long as an alligator, while on holiday on a beach in northern England, was such a landmark moment.
The little dinosaur is curled up inside its shell the same way birds do before hatching, shedding new light on the link between the behaviour of dinosaurs and modern birds.
Genyornis newtoni was one of the biggest birds ever to walk the earth. And new research shows its mysterious extinction may have come amid a bout of widespread bone disease as its lake home dried out.
We studied 8,000 primate teeth and finally confirmed that humans are not the only living primate to suffer from cavities. But there are interesting differences.
A 5-million-year-old fossil that sat collecting dust in a Melbourne museum for more than a century has rewritten the evolutionary history of turtles in prehistoric Australia’s tropical climate.
Studying the lower back allows researchers to understand how the species’ anatomy was adapted for different kinds of movement.
A new study finds more than one early human species lived on the landscape in Northern Tanzania 3.66 million years ago. But there are reasons to be cautious about the findings.
If scientific research is to take decolonization seriously, names for species should reflect this approach and consider the political, social and emotional implications.
The anatomy of the teeth in the cranium and its bones show that it belongs to an extinct cousin of the living African savanna and forest elephants.
In 2015, a published article described the fossil of a four-legged snake. New research has revealed that it is in fact a lizard, and the fossil is the centre of a scientific ethics debate.
The fossil material was recovered from the surface of a tight, narrow passage that can only be accessed with difficulty by one person at a time.
The complex social behaviour in early dinosaurs observed in a new study lines up with other fossil evidence that dinosaurs were more bird-like than crocodilian-like.