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Articles on Fossils

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4.5 million-year-old cranium of the fossil elephant Loxodonta adaurora, from Ileret, Kenya, in right lateral and front views. Figure courtesy of Carol Abraczinskas, University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology

A fossil cranium from Kenya tells the story of an extinct elephant species

The anatomy of the teeth in the cranium and its bones show that it belongs to an extinct cousin of the living African savanna and forest elephants.
With four tiny legs and an extraordinarily long body, a fossil of the snake-like lizard Tetrapodophis amplectus has created controversy. (Julius Csotonyi)

A fossil of a snake-like lizard has generated controversy beyond its identity

In 2015, a published article described the fossil of a four-legged snake. New research has revealed that it is in fact a lizard, and the fossil is the centre of a scientific ethics debate.

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