Changing the South African system to allow for direct election would require the country to look carefully at how a directly elected president should be held accountable to parliament.
The ANC’s elective conference has very important implications for South Africa’s future. Whoever leads determines the kind of leader the country will get, and what policy trajectory will be taken.
The race for the presidency of South Africa's governing ANC will go down to the wire. Exact calculations for the frontrunners are impossible and the result is likely to be known by 17 or 18 December.
The ANC's elective conference is important for the party and South Africa. This is because the person chosen to lead the governing party since 1994, has gone on to become president.
South Africa's President Jacob Zuma's loss in the Appeals Court forms part of three milestones in his recent history dominated by corruption, unethical conduct and a knack to avoid criminal charges.
Britain's Labour under Corbyn is smelling power, and the making of a new social revolution. In contrast, in South Africa's governing ANC is in disarray, with no moral compass or credible leadership.
For the first time since its unbanning the ANC needs to find a new direction. Its supporters and South African voters are no longer content with resolutions that promise to end to corruption.
Accusations against South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa appear to be an example of the tried-and-tested trick to discredit him and his political campaign to become the next president.
Five years on, no-one has been held to account for the Marikana massacre where 34 miners were shot dead by members of the South African Police Service in a single day.
The bitter attitude of ANC leaders who spoke inside and outside Parliament before and after the no confidence vote added fuel to already existing public anger at the arrogance of the governing party.
The huge hype ahead of the vote of no confidence in President Zuma made the result anti-climactic. However, the fact that the motion was defeated by only a 21 vote margin is unprecedented.
All three female contenders for the presidency of the ANC and South Africa have strong liberation struggle credentials and have also contributed to democracy. But, are they up to the job?
Even if President Zuma wins the no confidence vote, the consequences for the ruling ANC are dire. A loss would see it further divided and weakened ahead of the 2019 elections.
A combination of politicking ahead of the ANC policy conference, plus the machinations just before it met meant heightened tensions between rival factions.
Policy conferences of South Africa's governing ANC have been about economic policy matters. But more recently organisational renewal has also dominated, as the party loses support.
The brand of South Africa's ruling party, the 104-year-old ANC, is in serious decline. The party needs to act decisively to stop this.
The internal processes of South Africa's ruling ANC for electing the president is distorted by money, patronage, factionalism and vote-rigging. It negates the democratic legitimacy the party claims.
South Africa's ANC and Namibia's SWAPO, governing parties, enter crucial leadership elections this year, with presidents Zuma and Geingob both facing challenges.
South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa's apology for his role in the 2012 Marikana massacre has no credibility, as there wasn't full disclosure.
The problem for Jacob Zuma’s political theology is that far too many members of South Africa's ruling ANC have been experiencing a dramatic loss of faith in a party they see as no longer righteous.