Residents watch French air force jets fly over a Paris suburb during the Bastille Day military parade on July 14, 2023.
AP Photo/Youcef Bounab
Catholicism, ‘Frenchness’ and secularism are often conflated in French culture, a scholar writes, while non-Christian traditions are viewed with suspicion.
Saying the state upholds universal principles does not act as a safeguard against institutional discrimination and racism.
French president Emmanuel Macron greets the rector of the Grand Mosque of Paris Chems-Eddine Hafiz in October 2022.
Liberal schools of thought largely inform how Muslims are viewed across Europe, research finds.
Protestors march in Paris following one of the recent attacks.
Why are Emmanuel Macron’s reform plans so controversial and why are people protesting about freedom after another spate of violent attacks?
An homage to Samuel Paty, a teacher murdered after showing caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed from the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, Oct. 18, 2020.
Adnan Farzat/NurPhoto via Getty Images
Macron wants to ‘build an Islam in France that can be compatible with the Enlightenment.’ But that goal assumes France is compatible with Islam, says a Muslim scholar of religion and politics.
Hommage to Samuel Paty: “Thank you Mr. Paty to have taught us history and freedom of expression.”
The horrific death of Samuel Paty, a history and geography teacher, highlights the importance of the work of educators who are, more than ever, on the front lines of the fight for freedom of expression.
A Senegalese nun prays during a service at the St. Peters church in Dakar, Senegal.
Neither French nor American, Senegalese secularism stands midway between these two models
Honouring religious freedom and behaving faithfully in public not only protect the rights of individuals but also safeguard the integrity of democratic governments.
Respecting religious freedom not only protects the rights of individuals, it safeguards the integrity and accountability of democratic governments.
Javier Novo Rodríguez
With tensions already high, telling Muslim women not to dress a certain way at the beach will only make things worse.