African media also emphasise the west as superior and Africa as inferior.
Today’s journalism students are less likely to find full-time jobs as professional journalists. The craft has become ‘post-industrial’, entrepreneurial and atypical.
From oil disasters in Mauritius to street artists in South Africa, the story of rubbish in the media helps shape popular culture and environmental change.
Apps like WhatsApp have connected more voices to participate in live talk radio - but this comes with new challenges.