One criticism of traditional mentoring is that it teaches people how to succeed by playing by existing rules, thus reinforcing the status quo. But mentoring can also be a force for change.
Through mentoring, women who have succeeded on male terms set other women on the same path.
Research suggests mentoring can be used to improve leadership skills among both junior and senior members of any organization.
The realities of the job market mean most PhD students no longer work alongside people whose professional paths they will follow. Universities must do more to support non-academic mentorships.