Cocoa fruit pods.
Shade trees buffer cocoa plants from heat and water stresses, and create conditions that benefit their growth.
It's all too easy to miss the point about sex work in areas hit by conflict and disaster. How about listening to the people who experience it?
President of the AU Alpha Conde, European Council President Donald Tusk (L) and President of the EU Jean-Claude Juncker.
The transformation of the EU-Africa summit series into the EU-AU summit is more than just a change of name. It reflects the increasing recognition of the AU as an international actor.
Chill: There’s no one right way.
Opening the minds of worried new parents to other ways of raising children may assuage fears that if they fail to 'do the right thing,' their children will be doomed.
In Africa, communication technologies have been used in education since the late 1960s.
Information and communication technologies (ICT) offer new opportunities for improving basic education in Africa.
The Oluwole Urban Market near Marina in Lagos. Being middle class is more than just being a consumer.
Scholars have started to investigate what it really means to be middle class in Africa.
The Monkeypox virus was isolated most recently in 2012 from a dead infant mangabey (species of monkey) in Ivory Coast.
A disease suspected to be monkeypox is on the rampage in Nigeria. In less than one month, it has spread to seven of the country's 36 states and infected 31 people.
The influence of countries in francophone Africa, like Ivory Coast, have shifted how universities think about the French language.
French is no longer taught as a European language representative of "French" culture in South Africa. New modes of teaching, learning and research speak to an inclusive Africanist agenda.
A soldier stands guard after a clash with demobilised ex-rebel fighters at the entrance of Bouaké,Côte d'Ivoire, 23 May 2017.
Côte d'Ivoire's government needs to provide different incentives and opportunities to former combatants.
French President Emmanuel Macron with Mali’s President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
EPA/Christophe Petit Tesson
Despite being led by different presidents over the past six decades, the French government's policy on Africa has been faithful to its neo-colonial roots. Will Macron's government be any different?
A school teacher, leads a class at the Obama Primary School in Kenya.
The impact of peace education or human rights courses ultimately depends on how teachers -- who may not be neutral -- implement them.
Zambian President Edgar Lungu has been criticised for turning the country into a dictatorship.
The world's media, which has in the past found Zambia uninteresting, are suddenly paying more attention to the impoverished nation, for all the wrong reasons.
The Internet of Things offers great opportunities for Africa.
The new Internet of Things has the potential to compensate for Africa's legacies of underdevelopment.
The IMF was blamed after the 2014 Ebola crisis for contributing to the failure of West African health systems to develop.
West African health systems were weak before the IMF got involved. Sadly, the policy reforms demanded by the IMF in exchange for loans have undermined governments' ability to repair these problems.
Members of the Ecowas force at the Denton Bridge check point in Banjul, The Gambia, following Yahya Jammeh’s departure.
Regional power Ecowas, which has just seen off yet another dictator in Yahya Jammeh, started off with a tame agenda 42 years ago. But it was soon shaped by civil wars, military coups and despots
The Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh at an ECOWAS meeting in Senegal over a political crisis in Mali. Now it’s his turn to face the music.
Yahya Jammeh will certainly be removed if West Africa decides to use force. But that will come at a heavy price for The Gambia, the neighbouring states and the world as a whole
The Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh is under pressure from regional leaders to cede power.
The Gambian election dispute is not the first that ECOWAS has confronted. Côte d’Ivoire’s 2010 presidential election is a case in point. There it resorted to military action to enforce the outcome.
Côte d'Ivoire’s President Alassane Ouattara addresses a rally ahead of the referendum on a new constitution. The placard reads “yes to new Ivory Coast”.
The proposed new constitution would allow Alassane Ouattara to remain as president. Opposition parties see this move as a constitutional “coup” that will also protect his allies.
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame is seen as having promoted economic growth at the expense of human rights.
To improve, African countries need to find a balance between political and economic matters. This is where leadership becomes particularly important. But this is currently lacking on the continent.
Ivorians show their defiance.
Côte d’Ivoire's response to the Bassam attacks shows that it is not lacking in political and security resources, and that its citizens remain vigilant in the face of terrorist acts.