Researchers are only beginning to understand the impact of pollution and increased temperatures on the biology of mosquitoes.
For several billion people mosquitoes are more than a nuisance -- they transmit deadly diseases. Now genetic modification may prove the most effective defense against the mosquito, preventing disease.
Epidemiologists and public health managers are looking to complement indoor-based malaria solutions with those that focus on the outdoors. Drones are a crucial part of their armoury.
Eliminating malaria in Africa has been held back by a range of factors, including a lack of funds and drug and insecticide resistance challenges.