A Ukrainian police officer is overwhelmed by emotion after comforting people evacuated from Irpin on the outskirts of Kyiv on March 26, 2022. History shows that wars launched for nebulous reasons generally backfire on those who launch them.
(AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
It’s difficult for regimes to galvanize public opinion or maintain people’s willingness to accept the sacrifices associated with a war waged for questionable reasons.
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly by Sergio Leone is a classic example of dubbed post-war European film.
Pictorial Press Ltd/Alamy
Governments could use dubbing to censor ideas they didn’t like or insert messages in line with their propaganda.
A Donald Trump supporter wears a gas mask and holds a bust of him after he and hundreds of others stormed the Capitol building on Jan. 6, 2021.
Roberto Schmidt/AFP via Getty Images
Given the current, often erroneous, use of the term ‘fascist’ to describe political movements and leaders, it’s important to determine what fascism is and is not.
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and Nazi leader Adolf Hitler before attending a conference in Munich, Germany.
It was 100 years ago this month that Benito Mussolini created the fascist party in Italy. Today, his life offers cautionary lessons for contemporary politics.
Still from Rome, Open City (1945)
In this video, Bruce Isaacs looks at Rome, Open City. Made in 1945, it was Roberto Rossellini’s neorealist response to the end of German occupation, and Italy’s history of Fascism under Benito Mussolini.
Piazza del Popolo.
From the Temple of Heliopolis to the centre of Rome, the massive stone column has boosted the egos of several powerful men.
A fire recently tore through an Italian memorial to Mussolini made of trees.
A forest that is also a disturbing memorial to Mussolini recently burned down.
Benito Mussolini’s bust and crypt in San Cassiano cemetery are a sensitive topic in Predappio, Italy.
Politicians hope that a “museum of fascism” in Benito Mussolini’s hometown can help the country face its demons. Historians aren’t so sure.
Students and striking workers occupy the projection hall of the Cannes Film Festival Palace to prevent showing of films in 1968.
AP Photo/Raoul Fornezza
At a festival intertwined with France’s national identity, the tension of art, politics and commerce always looms.
Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler in Munich, Germany.
National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized, 1675 - 1958
In the 1920s and early 1930s, American journalists tended to put the ascendant fascists on a normal footing.
Donald Trump eats dinner with Mitt Romney (right) and Reince Priebus.
AP Photo/Evan Vucci
Two Italian scholars who fled fascism in the 1920s urgently warned that American democracy was vulnerable to the same gradual erosion as in Italy. Their message still rings true today.
Josef Jindřich Šechtl
How Hitler’s Germany, fascist Italy and other authoritarian states tried to win friends and influence people.