As long as the EU strikes deals with dictators and pushes trade agreements that worsen the economic situation in many African countries, attempts to reduce migratory pressure will fail.
Natural disasters are on the rise due to climate change, displacing millions of people each year. A new international initiative is aiming to improve the way governments respond to such crises.
Mega development projects can have a positive impact. But there are risks. Between 2004 and 2013, some 3.4 million people were ‘physically and economically displaced’ by World Bank projects alone.
There is belief among some that climate change drives human displacement, but research in Malawi suggests otherwise.