Dr. Kashwan's research, scholarship, and teaching is concentrated in the areas of comparative politics, political economy, climate justice, international environmental policies and institutions, and the politics of international development. His research has been published in high impact peer reviewed journals, such as World Development, Ecological Economics, Regional Environmental Change, Land Use Policy, International Journal of the Commons, Global Environmental Politics, and Journal of Theoretical Politics. His first book, Democracy in the Woods: Environmental Conservation and Social Justice in India, Tanzania, and Mexico was published in 2017 by Oxford University Press. Dr. Kashwan has published in popular media forums including the Guardian, the Washington Post, Wilson Center's web platform New Security Beat, and the political ecology blog Entitle.
Winner of 2009 Young Scientist Research Award, International Foundation for Science (IFS), Stockholm.