Gambian refugees on a wooden boat. Thousands of Africans make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean each year hoping for a better life in Europe. Emma Farge/Reuters

Returning migrants to The Gambia: the political, social and economic costs

Gambia became a symbol for democratic change earlier this year when former dictator Yahya Jammeh was peacefully ousted through the ballot box. Now Europe wants its Gambian immigrants to return home.

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Kenyan election

President Uhuru Kenyatta and contender Raila Odinga in happier times. The two are now embroiled in a bitter political contest. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

The thin line between electoral credibility and political stability in Kenya

Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.

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