Hypoxia, or a state of low oxygen, can encourage tumors to spread. This microscopy image visualizes the microenvironment of a breast tumor.
Steve Seung-Young Lee, Univ. of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health via Flickr
Some cancers are notoriously resistant to chemotherapy and not curable with surgery. Stopping tumors from adapting to the harsh microenvironments of the body could be a potential treatment avenue.
Adherence to treatment plans, particularly chemotherapy is complex.
There are personal, environmental and structural factors that influence a patient’s ability to adhere to treatment.
Both cancer and cancer treatment can impact someone’s ability to have biological children. It’s important to discuss fertility right after cancer diagnosis.
Many stage 4 breast cancer patients say that they don’t relate with the pink ribbon.
AnthiaCumming/E+ via Getty Images
October is awash in seas of pink T-shirts, balloons and ribbons in honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month. But this messaging fails to recognize people who are not cured of the disease.
Many women with metastatic breast cancer feel left out of annual ‘Pinktober’ awareness drives because these campaigns tend to focus on earlier, more curable stages of the disease.
kali9/E+ via Getty Images
A diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer means having cancer for the rest of one’s life – a situation with very different needs and concerns compared to earlier stages of the disease.
A leukemia cell.
Kateryna Kon/ Shutterstock
Our team found that chemotherapy can be made more successful by treating nearby ‘normal’ cells with protein-blocking drugs in lymphoma and leukemia.
Black women in South Africa are more likely to die from breast cancer than others.
NS Natural Queen/Shutterstock
Late detection of breast cancer means treatment is often drastic and frightening for patients.
Cancer cells in 3D.
If you hear about wonder drugs or ingredients that are claimed to be effective in curing all types of cancer, we must beware of their equally dangerous side effects.
AMPK is normally a tumour suppressor. But once cancer arises, AMPK becomes a tumour promoter, enhancing the survival of cancer cells. Understanding this could help create drugs that inhibit AMPK.
Pancreatic cancer currently has one of the least optimistic prognosis, with just 5% of patients surviving five years after diagnosis. A recent study opens a door to hope.
Alex Trebek recently received news that he is in remission from pancreatic cancer.
Alex Trebek announced this week that his pancreatic cancer is in remission. A pancreatic cancer specialist explains the difficulties of the disease as well as new treatment advances.
A 12-week-old baby female macaque, named Grady, was born from frozen testicular tissue.
Oregon Health and Science University
Children with cancer not only endure chemotherapy or radiation treatment but they may also face infertility in adulthood. Now a new procedure, just proven in monkeys, may be close to use in humans.
Alex Trebek shown in 2006.
Reed Saxon/AP Photo
Pancreatic cancer has historically had among the lowest survival rates of any type of cancer. A recent study that looked at genomic changes reveals some possible clues.
Endocrine therapy is currently the most effective form of treatment for oestrogen-dependent breast cancer, but a significant proportion of patients relapse.
A new breast cancer test predicts whether a patient will benefit from endocrine therapy, allowing patients and their doctors to make better treatment decisions.
The Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto runs a Cancer Rehabilitation and Survivorship Program, which offers one-on-one consults and an eight-week group rehabilitation program for patients.
Multidisciplinary rehabilitation teams could help cancer survivors to recover from the toxic side-effects of their treatments and return to their lives.
Cancer treatment could be revolutionised by the discovery of the origin cells which divide first.
This is a model of the adenovirus type 5 which causes respiratory infections.
When you think of viruses, you might think of the horrible illnesses they cause, like flu or Ebola. But now researchers are learning how to use the unique traits of viruses to treat disease.
Different genes drive cancer growth in males and females.
Male and female tumors are different. Researchers are now hoping to exploit these sex-specific differences to treat brain cancer. This might improve survival for everyone.
There are lots of ways to support a friend through breast cancer. Sharing the journey is key, studies suggest.
People across the country show their support for breast cancer patients and survivors by wearing pink and raising money each October. A recent study of patients suggests ways to help all year.
Many cancer patients have chemotherapy after surgery, but not all of them actually need it.
We have no reliable way of knowing which patients’ cancer will return after surgery, so often chemotherapy is given to mop up any remaining cancer cells that may have gone undetected.