Gender differences in cognition related to living conditions and education

Long-term increases in living conditions and education opportunities for women will increase population-wide cognitive ability.

Over 31,000 European men and women over the age of 50 answered questions that tested cognitive functions including memory, mathematical ability and verbal fluency.

Women in regions that had recently improved education opportunities showed better memory than men, parity in category fluency and a decreased male advantage in numeracy.

Read more at International Institute for Applied System Analysis