We can't observe the brain activity of extinct human species. But we can observe modern brains doing the things that our distant ancestors did, looking for clues about how ancient brains worked.
A century-old case of scientific fraud illustrates how hard it is to untangle the truth when access to new discoveries is limited.
Anthropologists gather clues about how our ancient ancestors lived from their teeth. What will future anthropologists make of us based on the fossilized pearly whites we'll leave behind?
Good science isn't rooted in chance. It's based on people with expertise being in the right place at the right time, equipped with enough knowledge to know what they're looking at.
One of paleontology's most notorious hoaxes has long been blamed on a serial forger named Charles Dawson. But might a Jesuit priest have been in on a joke that went wrong ?
An old technique to explore the inside of fossils unfortunately ended up destroying some unique specimens. New technology has been used to reconstruct one such fossil.
Have some much needed non-Brexit news.
For the first time, feathers, bone and skin of the earliest birds have been found, trapped in amber.
Another look at a skull unearthed in Malaysian Borneo 60 years ago can shed light on the mystery of how early humans moved throughout Southeast Asia thousands of years ago.
One of the enduring controversies in evolution is why snakes evolved their long, limbless bodies. A new study suggests snakes may have lost their legs at sea, before crawling ashore.
New study supports the idea that an asteroid, rather than climate changes, caused the mass extinction that wiped out the dinosaurs.
Fossils discovered in Uzbekistan help tell the story of how T. Rex evolved to become the biggest predator ever to live on land.
We don't know much about dinosaurs from the east coast of the USA. But the discovery of a new sheep-sized dinosaur helps shed light on their mysterious evolution.
Scientists have come up with a way to tell how hot dinosaurs were by studying the remains of their eggs.
Being big – larger than a dog – increases the risk of being wiped out in a mass extinction.
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
A new study of the first ever snake fossil with legs suggests that snakes evolved on land rather than in the ocean, as previously thought.
New evidence shows marked similarities between two fossils – one from Brazil, the other South Africa. This confirms compelling geological findings that continents were once one giant land mass.
Palaeontologists have been lining up to complain about the inaccuracies in the new blockbuster. They need to focus on the positives.
A "Pleistocene Park" might be a more realistic scenario.