In Eswatini, Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho more than 1 in 5 children are HIV-exposed but uninfected. A coordinated strategy is needed to ensure all children reach their developmental potential.
Not always the best position for childbirth.
BSIP/UIG Via Getty Images
Most women in the US give birth lying flat on their back, anesthetized. An obstetrician investigates why this is and whether this is always the best approach.
Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/ EPA-EFE
When done properly, a simulation exercise is a useful tool for evaluating preparedness for a public health emergency.
James Young Simpson’s Caesarian forceps, Hunterian Museum, Glasgow.
Childbirth used to be a terrifying ordeal. But women were surrounded by others – mothers, aunts, sisters – who brought love and experience. But midway through the 19th century, this changed.
The lack diagnostic laboratory systems exacerbates antibiotic resistance in Africa.
Healthcare workers in sub-Saharan Africa lack access to laboratory diagnostics and often have to guess which antibiotics to use for presumed infections.
DRC President Felix Tshisekedi during the inauguration ceremony.
Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/EPA-EFE
The DRC president's direct involvement can rally people who have previously doubted the reality of the outbreak.
Health workers from Bwera hospital prepare to transport the body of a fifty-year-old woman who died of Ebola to the burial site in Bwera, Uganda.
Ebola is difficult to contain because of human social and behavioural factors. But it can be if 100% of the infected people's contacts are identified and monitored.
Des professionnels de la santé enterrent un enfant mort du virus Ebola dans la province du Nord-Kivu, en République démocratique du Congo. La propagation du virus ne donne aucun signe d'essoufflement.
Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/EPA
Les faits sont incontestables : l'épidémie actuelle d'Ebola est en expansion et ne donne aucun répit. La méfiance envers l’autorité, la guerre civile et le virus constituent un cocktail explosif.
Health workers burying a child who died of Ebola in the DRC’s North Kivu province.
Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/EPA
The grim facts are undisputed: the current Ebola outbreak is expanding, largely unabated.
Since 2014 the Ebola outbreak in Liberia killed over 4,800 people.
It could be a matter of days before the ebola epidemic in the DRC spreads to urban centres or spills over into neighbouring countries.
The largest number of HIV-exposed but uninfected children are in South Africa.
HIV negative children born to women with HIV have a greater risk of dying before their first birthday.
There are differences in the smoking patterns of rural and urban communities. These must be recognised and included in tobacco control interventions to reduce use.
Under the El tracks, downtown Chicago.
New research shows that noise pollution in US cities is concentrated in poor and minority communities. Beyond regulating airplane noise, the US has done relatively little to curb noise pollution.
Singers from the New York City Gay Men’s Choir sing Dec. 1, 2015 at the Apollo Theater in New York for World AIDS Day. A new health foe has emerged among gay and bisexual men.
AP Photo/Seth Wenig
A new study shows that anal cancer, caused by the virus HPV, can be successfully fought in HIV-positive men by timely treatment and HPV vaccination of lesions that may ultimately lead to cancer.
For many, the heart of the health care debate is the ability of patients to choose their own health care, including whether to buy insurance and which doctor to see.
The Republican position on health care has been based upon a belief in individual choice. Here's how their own versions of health care bills eroded choice, however, and how they also did harm.
Boston Children's Hospital
Almost one-third of human disease requires surgery, but most of those people who need surgery are not getting it. Here's why we need to make surgery more accessible.
Finding Zika’s roots can help contain the virus.
The 2015 Zika outbreak in South America brought the virus to global attention. But tracing the history of the virus in West Africa can give clues to tackling future outbreaks.
Keeping medical data electronically is ideal. It saves time and can be used more efficiently.
Africa is expected to have among the steepest increases in the number of people affected by non-communicable diseases - it needs health care systems that can cope.
Do you know how much salt is in your food?
Evidence suggests that most Americans wildly underestimate the amount of sodium in their food.
Woman in labor, shown with monitors. Via Shutterstock.
Childbirth in the U.S. can be dangerous and dehumanizing. An ob/gyn who traveled recently to India to review childbirth there says the U.S. and India fall short in similar ways.