Testing and treatment is important in tackling HIV. But stigma and access need to be addressed too.
Taking antiretrovirals is key to reducing HIV infection rates, but the challenge lies in making sure people who know they are infected actually take the drugs.
Activists protest the criminalisation of sex work outside the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.
International AIDS Society/Abhi Indrarajan
Mobility is not only a risk factor for HIV – it is also a structural determinant in how HIV responses are designed and implemented.
This human T cell (blue) is under attack by HIV (yellow), the virus that causes AIDS. T cells play a critical role in the body’s immune response.
Seth Pincus, Elizabeth Fischer and Austin Athman, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health
HIV research continues to search for a cure. The focus is on developing therapies to cure HIV infection or allow people with HIV to safely stop antiretroviral therapy and keep the virus under control.
The more scientists understand about what drives HIV transmission, the more they can start to fight the virus.
Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
Three new studies conducted in South Africa provide insights into the engine that drives HIV transmission in the country.
Trinn Suwannapha/World Bank
The International AIDS Conference is more than just a talk shop. The platform it offers for engagement between governments, scientists and civil society is of undisputable value.