Women and children remain the focus of HIV while men are disadvantaged in accessing testing and treatment in Africa.
Considerable effort has gone into improving laboratory services in many African countries. But the quality of tests is questionable.
Lassa outbreaks are becoming more widespread in Nigeria but have not been given national emergency status like Ebola.
Health care systems in many African countries are very poor. Instead of fixing them, many African leaders seek medical attention abroad incurring huge bills which are ultimately paid by taxpayers.
How will the World Health Organisation's Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus deal with the mounting challenges? Africa's academics have some tips.
The myth of compassion fatigue suggests that compassion is a finite resource. The reality is that health-care providers are over-worked and need better institutional support.
Selecting immigrants on points is likely to result in them being healthy, or at least healthy enough for them not to put much strain on our exhausted health systems.
There are a number of challenges that the World Health Organisation's new leader, Ethiopian-born Tedros Ghebreyesus, will have to navigate during his tenure.
Africa is expected to have among the steepest increases in the number of people affected by non-communicable diseases - it needs health care systems that can cope.
The power to overcoming Ebola was in public awareness by performing simple yet basic infection prevention and control measures like washing hands, isolation and reporting suspected cases.
Irrespective of whether climate change contributed to the thunderstorm in Melbourne last week, we can be sure Australia’s climate projections herald new risks to health that cannot be ignored.
Healthcare that everyone can access is an important step in bridging the inequality in a country. In reality though, its hard to implement properly.