Location of the Buran Kaya III (1), Zlatý Kůň (2), Fournol (3), Serinyà (4), Krems-Wachtberg (5) and Věstonice (6) archeological sites, whose remains were were analysed in the study. Also shown are one of the analysed skull fragments and pierced beads discovered with the bone fragments from the Buran Kaya III site, as well as the Venus statuettes from Věstonice, Willendorf and the Dame de Brassempouy (from right to left).
Genetic analysis of two skull fragments dating back almost 40,000 years shows that our species colonised Europe from the east and interbred with our Neanderthal cousins.
What happened to the Neanderthals?
frantic00 via Shutterstock.com
What could the extinction of Neanderthals tell us about our own species? An archaeologist explains in The Conversation Weekly podcast.
The answers lie in early human evolution.
A general view of Wadi Gharandal riverine wetland, along the Jordan Rift Valley, showing palm trees concentrated at the centre of the wadi near the active spring.
The findings reveal a close association between climatic conditions and early human migrations out of Africa.
Possible shod hominin tracks in the Garden Route National Park, South Africa.
Trackway findings support the notion of southern Africa being one region where human cognitive and practical ability developed a very long time ago.
Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images
Some footprints last thousands or even millions of years, preserved in sand that turned to rock.
New evidence from contested Laos cave site shows humans reached Southeast Asia at least 68,000 years ago.
Meet the archeologist who is overhauling our understanding of early human history.
Homo naledi had a brain less than half the size of our own. Yet the new research claims it had cognitive abilities far beyond what we might expect.
The oldest known footprint of our species, lightly ringed with chalk. It appears long and narrow because the trackmaker dragged their heel.
This was an area in which early anatomically modern humans survived, evolved and thrived, before spreading out of Africa to other continents.
Close examination of digital and 3D-printed models suggested the fossil needs to be reclassified.
Brian A. Keeling
Scientists had figured a fossil found in Spain more than a century ago was from a Neandertal. But a new analysis suggests it could be from a lost lineage of our species, Homo sapiens.
This whirlwind tour of social history describes how infectious diseases have shaped humanity at every stage. It suggests reducing inequality will give us our best chance of surviving future plagues.
To test the ballistic properties of the stone points found in the Mandrin cave, modern duplicates were created and hafted on to shafts, as they may have been 54,000 years ago.
Laure Metz, Ludovic Slimak
In 2022 we detailed the discovery of 1,500 stone points in France’s Madrin cave. Experiments now show that they could were used as arrowheads, pushing back evidence of archery in Eurasia by 40,000 years.
3D rendering of the tiktaalik, an extinct walking fish.
We can trace our human evolutionary lineage back to fish.
Any hominid fossil find with molar teeth can be plugged into a new equation that reveals its species’ prenatal growth rate.
Gil Cohen-Magen/AFP via Getty Images
Using a new equation based on today’s primates, scientists can take a few molar teeth from an extinct fossil species and reconstruct exactly how fast their offspring grew during gestation.
Humans have used technology to adapt to the cold.
Yvette Cardozo / Alamy Stock Photo
Hate winter? The answer may lie in our evolutionary history.
Descendants of the indigenous San people in the Kalahari Desert.
Eric Lafforgue/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Image
The first speech sounds were uttered about 70,000 years ago and not hundreds of thousands of years ago as is sometimes claimed.
Derek R. Audette/Shutterstock
Humanity carries traces of other populations in our DNA – and a new study shows how one of these ancestors has influenced the immune systems of modern Papuans.
New study shows Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had a taste for sharp and bitter food.
Neanderthal reproduction in Trento Museum of Natural History.
Neanderthals were wiped out by chance changes in the environment. The rise of Homo sapiens wasn’t inevitable.