The pontiff visited war-torn areas of the north and gave a major address at the home of the main monotheistic religions.
Attacks on churches and targeted killings of Christians began as Iraq descended into sectarian violence after the fall of Saddam Hussein.
President Trump has claimed the Islamic State was completely defeated on his watch – but an analysis of government maps and other reports shows his administration did only half the work.
Beer was extremely popular in ancient Mesopotamia. Sipped through straws, it differed from today’s beer and was enjoyed by people from all walks of life.
The Islamic State is asking its followers to worsen the global pandemic, and its fighters are celebrating the toll disease and racism are taking on US society.
Archaeologists working with museums in Iraq have protected more than 270,000 artefacts using SmartWater liquid technology.
Iraq, Guatemala and the autonomous region of Bougainville have all tried to demilitarise their police forces – with varying degrees of success.
Seven striking similarities between developments regarding Islamic State today and the period before its surge in 2013-14.
With the challenges posed by the coronavirus pandemic, veterans who were already lacking adequate benefits and resources are now in deeper trouble.
Iraq has asked the US to start withdrawing troops. If it doesn't, that's a breach of international law.
The Pentagon has spent more than $800 billion on military operations in Iraq. But that doesn't include money needed to care for veterans, rebuild the country or pay interest on war debt.
Iraqis have taken to the streets to protest against the foreign interference – by both Iran and the US – in their country.
A short history of modern Iran-Iraq relations.
Even when countries have broken ties with each other, they can communicate – as the US and Iran did just a few days ago.
Although neither side apparently wants conflict, tensions remain over the presence of US troops in Iraq and Iran's decision to walk away from part of the 2015 nuclear deal.
President Trump's speech about Iran wasn't just aimed at that country or the US. He also targeted NATO allies, urging members of the alliance to step up and help US efforts in the Middle East.
Tehran is making threats but its options are somewhat limited.
For decades, Iran has built up a network of proxies across the Middle East. Will it now use them to retailiate for the killing of its top general?
Given the perils of direct confrontation with the US, the most likely recourse for Iran may be to mobilise its proxy militias to attack American assets in Iraq.
Interviews with the Yazidi survivors of IS attacks that killed 3,100 people in 2014 reveal the emotional, cultural and spiritual scars of religious persecution.