Andrew Payne is the Hedley Bull Research Fellow in International Relations at the Department of Politics and International Relations. His primary research interest concerns the influence of electoral politics on U.S. decision-making in war. Drawing on his doctoral project at Oxford, he focuses on how the electoral cycle constrained presidential decisions concerning military and diplomatic strategy during the wars in Korea, Vietnam and Iraq. His broader interests include U.S. foreign policy, international security, civil-military relations, and diplomatic history since 1945. Andrew's most recent article is "Presidents, Politics and Military Strategy: Electoral Constraints during the Iraq War," International Security, Vol. 44, No 3 (Winter 2019/20), pp. 163-203. His writing has also been published in the Washington Post and International Affairs. In addition to his academic work, Andrew serves on the board of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House).