Articles on Pain series

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There is a clear link between pain and depression, but does pain make us depressed, or does depression cause pain? Jayakumar Ananthan/Unsplash

The link between chronic pain and depression: which comes first?

Having already had depression or anxiety increases the risk of developing persistent pain, and developing a chronically painful condition dramatically increases chances of becoming depressed.
Fibromyalgia can be made more difficult when the pain doesn’t seem to have a visible cause. Silvia Sala/Flickr

Hidden and unexplained: feeling the pain of fibromyalgia

Unexplained, chronic pain known as fibromyalgia affects up to 5% of the population. Yet there are no effective treatment options for the millions for whom each day begins with persistent pain.
More women suffer pain from almost all afflictions, and we still don’t understand why. from

Genders experience pain differently, and women have it more

More women than men suffer from chronic pain, that is, pain that persists for more than six months. In addition, much of this pain remains undiagnosed or untreated.
Certain words or phrases doctors use to describe pain can make it better or worse. Tracy/Flickr

The right words matter when talking about pain

Listen carefully to the language that surrounds people with pain. Listen to how you talk about them. Are you increasing their disability by using well-intentioned pain cliches?
It’s not just the extent of the injury, but also social factors such as education levels that affect pain levels and duration. from

What dictates how much pain you feel after injury?

"Psychosocial" factors such as education levels affect how much pain you will experience.
Pain doesn’t originate at the site as most think, it’s created by the brain so we protect the area that’s in danger. from

Explainer: what is pain and what is happening when we feel it?

Pain scientists are reasonably agreed that pain is an unpleasant feeling in our body that makes us want to stop and change our behaviour.

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