What happens next?
Destruction from The Course of Empire by Thomas Cole, 1836, via Wikimedia.
Once Britain slipped away from the Roman Empire in the early 5th century, signs of Roman life began to disappear.
© Museum of London
New research has rubbished perceptions of Roman Britain as a region inhabited solely by white Europeans.
Kelly Reilly as the Briton warrior Kerra in Britannia.
The new TV show Britannia dramatises the second Roman invasion of Britain. It captures the core elements of the story (despite inaccuracies) but recent archaeological finds offer thrilling insights into this time.
Brothels in Pompeii were decorated with murals depicting erotic and exotic scenes: but the reality was far more brutal and mundane.
Thomas Shahan/Wikimedia Commons
Though their activities were depicted alluringly in murals, the sex workers of Pompeii were slaves who lived hard lives.
Wellcome Trust/Wikimedia Commons
At Ebbsfleet, in northeast Kent, archaeologists have finally uncovered the site where Julius Caesar's fleet landed in 54BC.
Giovanni Cavino, I primi dodici imperatori Romani (‘The first twelve Roman emperors’), plaquettes produced at Padua, c. 1550.
Suetonius’s unforgettable tales of sex, scandal, and debauchery have ensured that his writing has played a significant role in shaping our perceptions of imperial Rome.
A row about whether Roman Britain was ethnically diverse has turned nasty.
Excavating the eastern wall section of Halmyris in 2016.
Excavating the history of migration along the frontier of the Danube.
A worshipper receives Communion.
Amr Nabil/AP Photo
The Catholic Church prohibits the use of gluten-free bread for Communion. The reasons lie in the challenges faced by the Catholic Church in the past.
The helmet of a heavily armed ‘secutor’, first century AD.
Rógvi N. Johansen, Department of photo and medie Moesgaard
Roman gladiators were unique and complex characters, and certainly not the sporting heroes they're depicted as in culture today.
When Britain went it alone.
Centuries ago Britain attempted to sever ties with the continent – and it ended in murder.
Getting it on?
Was a forged document responsible for the defeat of Mark Antony and the rise of Rome's first emperor?
Roman coins were discovered in Katsuren castle in Uruma, Okinawa, southwestern Japan.
EPA/Uruma City Education Board
Is this evidence that Rome traded with Japan? Almost certainly not.
Dig into the details of the ancient Olympics and you find a lot of misinformation, but also a surprising amount in common with the modern games.
Donald Trump and Adam Smith.
Gage Skidmore via Flickr/Wikimedia Commons
American democracy is in thrall to an aggressive demagogue – and Adam Smith and friends saw it coming more than 200 years ago.
Horse poo clues point the way.
Microbes reveal that the great Carthagian general Hannibal may have taken a surprisingly difficult route to get to Italy.
The baths at Bath, England.
Romans by Shutterstock
The Romans are well known for introducing sanitation to much of their empire – but did it improve their health?
Ruin of a second-century public toilet in Roman Ostia.
Fr Lawrence Lew, OP
Archaeological and textual detective work is filling in some information about how ancient Romans used and thought about their sewers thousands of years ago.
It can be difficult to imagine that the antiquities in our museums were once a part of vibrant and cosmopolitan cities. Let our expert take you on a tour of three cities to rival today's global hubs.
Jimmy Walker via Wikimedia Commons
As a Roman historian, I’m struck by how often people ask why the Roman empire ended, since a far more interesting question is surely how it managed to survive for such a long time while extended over such…