Just another day in Nairobi’s Kibera slums. Slums are characterised by densely packed settlements with inadequate provision of services.
Despite increased global awareness about poor conditions in slums, the health of their inhabitants is a little studied phenomenon.
Ghanaian cancer specialists examine a patient’s scan.
So-called lifestyle diseases such as cancer and heart disease have been rising in Africa, adding to the already huge burden of disease in poor countries. But the research has not kept pace.
Four-year-old Stacey Musimbi sits inside a specialised early childhood deaf unit programme in Nairobi.
Early childhood education services have proliferated in the public and private sectors. But many children who attend these preschool centres do not receive quality services.
The truth is that data in Africa are not produced on time, not frequently enough, are of poor quality and aren't accurate. This makes it difficult to make data driven decisions.
A parent surveys the scene of Kenya’s worst school fire, in which 63 students died in 2001. Recent arson attacks have been aimed at disruption.
A shocking wave of school fires set by students across Kenya has elicited a range of counter-measures, none of which appears to get to the root of the problem.
Are schools the best place to teach life skills?
Thanks to life-skills training, girls who previously believed it improbable that they would go on to secondary school are now allowing themselves to dream about possibilities.
Embarking on the path to a PhD is a scary business.
Many people are left floundering when they try to get working on their PhDs. In Africa, this is often because the skills they need haven't been developed earlier in their academic careers.
Education can change girls’ lives: an extra year of education can raise a girl’s future wages by between 10% and 20%.
Albert González Farran – Unamid/Flickr
Girls’ lives are still entangled in a culture whose custodians happen to be men.
Genomic research in Africa will help explain the genetic risk factors of diseases that affect the world’s poorest people.
Genomic research must take place in Africa because African populations have evolved significantly and their genetic composition is more diverse than that of populations elsewhere.
Non-communicable diseases are skyrocketing in Kenya and Uganda. Though the countries’ governments have a responsibility to tackle the problem, individuals need to take action too.
Women’s ability to work is severely constrained by the lack of child care facilities in urban slums.
For most women, participating in the labour force is dependent on whether they have adequate child care they can rely on.
Vasectomies allow fathers to have a more active role in family planning.
Vasectomies could be an effective male birth control method in Africa but the procedure is misunderstood and therefore poorly used.
Blister-packs of the contraceptive drug Diane-35. In Kenya, millions of women do not have access to contraception methods.
Contraception gives women the choice of how many children to have and when to have them. This empowers them - but millions of women in Kenya do not have this choice.
Misaki Wayengera working on his rapid diagnostic test.
Unless African governments put their money where their mouths are, innovative advances from young scientists on the continent will be stifled.
Young people living in urban slums are at significant risk for early unplanned pregnancies.
Teenage pregnancy is a massive problem in Kenya. But for this to change, young women need access to information and education rather than moral lectures.
Children walk home from school in a Nairobi slum.
Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters
Kenya's free primary and secondary education policies don't benefit the country's poorest children.
Poverty is rife in Malawi, with more than 90% living on less than US$2 a day. One of the reasons young urban Malawians give for engaging in transactional sex is to get food.
Material deprivation and young people desiring the latest fashion trends are motivating the transactional sex relationships in Malawi's urban slums.