I am Professorial Fellow at UNU-MERIT, the Netherlands, Visiting Professor at RWTH Aachen University in Technology, Innovation, Marketing and Entrepreneurship and Research Fellow at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Germany. I am also a Fellow of Leiden University's Africa Studies Centre and Research Affiliate at the International Security and Development Centre in Berlin. My research is broadly concerned with entrepreneurship, innovation and technology in economic development, and how this is mediated by institutions, trade, geography and human nature. I have been expert advisor to virtually all the global development organisations - most recently for the World Trade Organisation’s World Trade Report on Digitisation and Trade (2018).
Currently I am working on the relationships between technology (in particularly AI) on development, growth and security - and its implications for governance; on the nature and consequences of what has been called the 4th Industrial Revolution, especially for catching-up economies; and on the decline in entrepreneurship and innovation in advanced economies.