UK United Kingdom

Revitalising the Catholic Church: is Pope Francis proposing a new way forward?

Pope Francis has made headlines recently with comments about abortion, gay marriage, contraception, work and capitalism. Francis has said that he’s “not spoken much about these things [abortion, gay marriage…

Pope Francis' liberal approach to theology is aimed at reforming the church’s attitude towards issues. EPA/Alessandro Di Meo

Pope Francis has made headlines recently with comments about abortion, gay marriage, contraception, work and capitalism. Francis has said that he’s “not spoken much about these things [abortion, gay marriage, contraception]”, while also stating that human life is being degraded by a “throwaway culture”.

Francis has also criticised the global economic system for its idolisation of money and inability to provide dignified work for people. How can we make sense of these comments?

There is an underlying consistency to Francis' remarks, though this consistency can get lost when only sections of Francis’ comments are reported.

In the first place, Francis is reflecting Catholic Church teaching on life and social issues - for example, that human life is sacred and has an inherent dignity. This dignity is the basis for human rights for all, including a right to life and to dignified work. Without this basis in the absolute dignity of the human person, rights lose their foundation and meaning. Speaking to a group of Catholic gynaecologists, Francis argued:

The paradoxical situation is seen in the fact that, while new rights are attributed to the person, sometimes even presumed, life is not always protected as primary value and primordial right of every man [human].

Francis is critical of the cultures and economic system that disrespect human dignity and rights. Speaking in Sardinia, where the divide between rich and poor is stark, he was critical of systems and organisations that make money the sole focus of economic and social decisions.

Profits are legitimate, but excessive profiteering with little or no respect for the dignity of people to work in meaningful occupations and just conditions is highly problematic. Francis knows the results of this excessive profiteering in the experience of his own family who had to migrate from Italy to find work, and in the experience of South America.

Francis is highlighting how this excessive focus on profits and money - rather than people - is corrosive of the global economic system. Given the effects of the global financial crisis, are the lessons of greed and profiteering being learned, or are they becoming more ingrained in global economics? Francis is continuing and intensifying the critique of his predecessor Pope Benedict XVI in this regard, particularly in Benedict’s encyclical Caritas in Veritate, which addressed the GFC.

In making these statements, however, Francis’ primary focus is pastoral and missionary. What this means is that Francis is concerned with the church putting its words into action. That is, putting the person at the heart of its actions:

In life, God accompanies persons, and we must accompany them, starting from their situation. It is necessary to accompany them with mercy.

This is why Francis contends that he has not spoken much about certain moral issues, such as abortion and gay marriage. He has done so on occasions that are appropriate, but in general he prefers to focus on the church’s mission to preach and live the Gospel of God’s love.

Francis' comments on the global economy are a continuation of the message of the previous pontiff, Benedict XVI. EPA/Claudio Peri

Francis’ approach is reminiscent of comments made by Benedict XVI:

If we let ourselves be drawn into these discussions, the Church is then identified with certain commandments or prohibitions; we give the impression that we are moralists with a few somewhat antiquated convictions, and not even a hint of the true greatness of the faith appears. I therefore consider it essential always to highlight the greatness of our faith.

For this reason, Francis states that rules and structures are not the church’s priority, but what:

…the church needs most today is the ability to heal wounds and to warm the hearts of the faithful; it needs nearness, proximity. I see the church as a field hospital after battle.”

This approach seems to be one that Francis already had developed in Argentina. He is reported to have participated in reflections over different forms of liberation theology in Argentina, but was more focused on the “pastoral application”, particularly in the church’s ministry to the poor.

Therefore, while Francis affirms church teaching, his main aim is to orientate the church in its mission. Without a basis in God’s love, Francis suggests that “the moral edifice of the church is likely to fall like a house of cards”. Francis is critiquing a rigidly moralistic or bureaucratic approach to people that no longer has God’s love at its heart. For Francis, the Catholic Church needs to be more missionary in its outreach to people in love, rather than being focused on ideology, careerism, buildings and bureaucracy.

Thus, Francis is seeking a reformation, not of the church’s teaching, but of its attitude. Like Francis, Benedict XVI emphasised a conversion of the heart as central to changing the church and the world. Francis is defining this further by concretely stating that the church must be more focused on enabling the encounter with a merciful God.

This does not mean that commandments and rules are unimportant, but that they must be contextualised in love. Spiritual and moral progress takes time, with a mature church to accompany and facilitate the process. As Francis has stated, judging people - especially people of goodwill - is not helpful for people’s progress.

Pope Francis is desperate to save the church from an inward focus and judgmentalism, by orientating it outwards to its essential mission: to offer people the space to encounter God’s love, particularly in relationship with the poor.

Join the conversation

5 Comments sorted by

  1. George Michaelson


    I think its very sad Peter Hebblethwaite died before he saw some of the transitions through subsequent popes, after his 'in the vatican' book. Very readable. As an athiest, most readable, believable. Perhaps an insider has a different point of view on its veracity.

    I found his writing on Ratzinger fascinating, in the light of his ascendency and decision to retire. I may overstate, but I also felt Hebblethwaite implied that many papal pronouncements on contraception and fertility have direct force, but have not been made 'from the chair' so to speak. Nobody is walking backwards from them, but they stand in contradistinction to purely doctrinal matters. In theory, if not in practice, the church COULD walk back from them.

    He also wrote quite tellingly of the revolutionary marxist priesthood of South America, which I find myself reminded of with the current pope and his views.

  2. James Hill

    Industrial Designer

    It is probably very difficult for instructed by scripture That they are like gods to then submit to "pastoral" care as if they were instead some sort of herd animals.
    And even if this rather condescending view of "God's" greatest work, created in his likeness, did have some value, Christ himself advocated that the outcast "black" sheep receive the bulk of the attention.
    This seems to be the height of arrogance from a group of errant individuals who successfully supressed the Gospels for a thousand years.
    Time for these Physicians or more closely "Doctors" of the "church" to heal themselves.
    Who caused the problems in this church?
    They did.
    There was/is, after all, only one Good Shepherd; as for the fakers, their number is "Legion".

  3. Jack Arnold


    Strange there is no mention of priestly pederasty of poor parishioners prodigy or any plans to divest property to pay compensation for the victims of such attacks.

    Check out Geoffrey Robinson QC, "The Case of the Pope", Penguin, for more details of Ratzinger's stance in defence of the church against the parishioners.

    The perhaps the author's disclosure statement should include reference to the fact that being a practicing member of the Roman church is a pre-requisite to employment at ACU.

    1. Michael Leonard Furtado

      Doctor at University of Queensland

      In reply to Jack Arnold

      Its more subtle than that, Jack. As a public university ACU cannot discriminate against non-Catholics and does not. However Catholics and non-Catholics who rock the boat don't get a look in as selection panels are heavily stacked in favour of those whose ideological opinions, whether religious or secular, are in sync with that of the VC.

      The ACU board structure, moreover, has all the hallmarks of a private university and introduce values and standards beyond those that absolutely uphold academic…

      Read more