Oil spills from a project that's designed to harness the economic potential of South Africa's oceans are threatening the world's largest remaining African Penguin colony.
A new network of 20 sites have been declared as marine protected areas in South Africa.
How African penguins and their chicks' respond to fish availability informs marine conservation.
Loud noise from underwater seismic surveys can drive penguins from their normal foraging grounds.
Young African penguins are following the usual cues to feeding grounds only to find that the sources of food in these places is no longer available. This is devastating for their numbers.
The curbing of fishing has helped African penguins rebound from close to extinction – but it is not enough.