Around 400 local children have been involved in this archaeological project in Cardiff, Wales.
Vivian Paul Thomas
Since 2011, professional and amateur archaeologists in Cardiff have been unearthing prehistoric artefacts. But last summer, they began to discover something even more extraordinary.
The inscription “He is Odin’s Man” is in a round half circle over the head of a man.
Arnold Mikkelsen/The National Museum of Denmark
The discovery of the oldest recorded mention of the Norse god Odin pushes the age of this deity back at least 150 years.
A group of three mustatil and later Bronze Age funerary pendants on a rocky outcrop, southeast of AlUla County.
AAKSA / The Royal Commission for AlUla
The rectangular stone structures known as mustatils were used thousands of years ago for sacrificing animals to an unknown deity – perhaps in response to ancient climate change.
The Colchester vase, dating to the later second century AD.
The Colchester vase contains the remains a male of about 40 years of age and not of local origin. Could he have been a gladiator?
To test the ballistic properties of the stone points found in the Mandrin cave, modern duplicates were created and hafted on to shafts, as they may have been 54,000 years ago.
Laure Metz, Ludovic Slimak
In 2022 we detailed the discovery of 1,500 stone points in France’s Madrin cave. Experiments now show that they could were used as arrowheads, pushing back evidence of archery in Eurasia by 40,000 years.
Hellenistic soldiers as depicted in the Nile mosaic of Palestrina.
World History Encyclopedia
We uncovered evidence of a rebellion so significant, that events such as Cleopatra’s affairs and the rise of Christianity may not have come to pass without it.
Several studies have upended what we thought we knew about mummification using scientific dating techniques to reveal some fascinating – and surprising – insights.
After colonial contact, indigenous Africans acquired horses and guns, and raided settlers as a means of resistance.
Courtesy Sam Challis
Changes in southern African rock art reflect the mixing of groups of people after they came into contact with each other.
The wooden phallus discovered at Vindolanda. Wooden Phallus
Courtesy of The Vindolanda Trust.
There would have been plenty of time during the long, dark, Northern nights for ancient Roman shoemakers to indulge in side hustles.
The findings suggest we weren’t the first advanced carnivore among the hominins, as has been previously assumed.
Both the Khoi and the San believed in a mythical animal, resembling a cow, whose horns were thought to have medicinal attributes.
The medicine container was found in a painted rock shelter. A radio carbon date of the horn container places it at around AD 1461-1630.
An artistic impression of how the Newport Medieval ship may have looked .
David Jordan/Newport Museums and Heritage Service
The Newport medieval ship is the most complete section of a 15th-century European vessel discovered to date.
An archaeologist works at the site of the discoveries in Saqqara.
Mohamed Hossam Eldin
Egyptians believed gold was the colour of the gods and gilding the dead expressed the idea that they acquired divine qualities in the afterlife.
Archaeological discoveries show the different options that have solved human problems over time.
Human remains dating back more than 30,000 years were found at Paviland cave in Gower.
Left: Leighton Collins/Shutterstock; right: Ethan Doyle White CC BY-SA 3.0.
It’s been 200 years since the discovery of one of the oldest human burial sites in western Europe on the Gower peninsula in south Wales.
More people moved into Scandinavia in Viking times than at any other time period analysed in the study.
DNA analysis reveals a large migration of people into Scandinavia during Viking times.
Rituals have been around for hundreds of thousands of years – but are they still useful today?
A reconstruction of the Harpole burial.
MOLA / Hugh Gatt
The jewellery and human remains discovered at a recent excavation in Northamptonshire shed light on the elite position of some newly-Christian women in seventh century England.
Archaeology students and ULAS staff from University of Leicester carefully clean the fully exposed Trojan War mosaic.
Rutland’s Roman villa caused a media storm when it was first discovered in 2020 – now researchers have returned to uncover even more surprises.
The coin bearing the head of the mysterious Sponsian.
Disregarded as ‘fakes’ for decades, new analysis of coins bearing the face of a mysterious emperor is providing answers about a heady gap in Roman history.