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PhD Candidate in Geology, University of Bristol

I am a vertebrate paleontology PhD student at the University of Bristol. My research is currently focusing on Cope's rule - the trend towards large body over evolutionary time in extinct taxa - and how it impacts function in the giant theropod theropod dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus and Spinosaurus. To better understand function in these dinosaurs, I use CT/surface scanning methods to generate 3D models of their skulls. These 3D models can then be tested for their biomechanical properties via the finite element method. I am also interested in how skull shape may influence function in these dinosaurs; here I employ the geometric morphometrics approach by plotting coordinates on the skull models.

I am originally from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. I received my BA in Geoscience from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and my MSc in Biology from the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse. My research at UWL focused on the function of tyrannosaur mandibles and how their feeding changed with growth.

I am proficient in various 3D scanning, modelling, and editing software, including Artec Studio, Blender, and MeshLab. I am also skilled in various engineering software applications including Abaqus and Strand7. I am hoping to use this expertise to investigate the biology of a variety of extinct animals.


  • –present
    PhD Candidate in Geology, University of Bristol