Beehive designs haven't changed since the 1940s.
Hoverflies are helping spread disease among the already declining bee population.
Nutrition is another factor - in addition to pesticides and bee disease - that has led to the dwindling of the global bee population.
The way the Africa honeybee's deal with parasites and pathogens can teach western beekeepers and researchers how to adapt their bees to fight diseases.
American Foulbrood is causing serious damage to the bee population in the Western Cape.