Land reform programme has done very little to improve access to land for black South Africans.
South Africa's constitution has been amended 17 times already. But, the procedure for doing so is onerous.
Some communities on South Africa's Platinum Belt have received substantial mining revenues, but these are controlled by chiefs.
In practice, land expropriation in South Africa will be a matter of deciding which descendants of the dispossessed are entitled to it.
South Africa's new president, Cyril Ramaphosa, has done well so far but more challenges relating to reigniting the economy lie ahead.
Land expropriation without compensation in South Africa will be resolved by opening up the economy and addressing inequalities.
A closer look at the resolution of South Africa's ruling party, the ANC, show that it won't undertake a radical economic transformation agenda as suggested by media reports.
After South Africa's first democratic election in 1994, the previously oppressed and dispossessed black majority hoped for constitutional restitution of their land. This has largely failed.