The crime of genocide was first established in law by a Polish Jew who had fled the Nazis and wanted to hold them to account for the Holocaust.
In war time, the type of conflict determines what formal rules of war apply. But how to determine the nature of the conflict?
Gaza is being systematically razed to the ground as the IDF continues its assault.
Proportionality requires that lives of civilians on both sides of a conflict must be treated with the same degree of respect.
A selection of analysis from our coverage of the war in Gaza over the past fortnight.
Without a ceasefire and a negotiated peace there will be no end to the killing of civilians in Gaza.
An expert on the laws of war argues that the burden is now on Israel to show that the heavy death toll in Gaza is proportionate to the military advantage gained.
The US administration said that it had received ‘written assurances’ from Ukraine that it would use cluster bombs carefully. Nonetheless, the munition will provide an additional risk to civilians.
My research shows how international and civil wars have significantly increased infant mortality rates around the world.
The deportation of children during war goes to the heart of important and far-reaching human rights conventions. But bringing perpetrators to justice will be a long and complex process.
The list of crimes for which Putin is considered complicit is long. The question is whether he can be held accountable.
‘False flag’ operations are as old as war itself – and are legal under the rules of war.
Why the UN Refugee Convention should be updated to protect climate migrants.
A decision to bulldoze the home belonging to the family of a man accused of killing seven people outside a synagogue in East Jerusalem has sparked questions over the legality of Israeli policy.
Five British nationals were part of a prisoner swap with Russia recently. Here’s what international law tells us about the detention and treatment of people taken in time of conflict.
Both Russia and Ukraine are signatories to the Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners of war – how much it is being observed is another matter.
The story behind the research can be as compelling as the results. Recording the effects of starvation, a group of Jewish doctors demonstrated their dedication to science – and their own humanity.
Countries have used starvation as a war strategy for centuries, historically without being prosecuted. Three experts on hunger and humanitarian relief call for holding perpetrators accountable.
A digest of the week’s coverage of the war against Ukraine.
The prosecution and death sentences handed out to two British and one Moroccan national fighting alongside Ukrainian troops contravenes the Geneva Conventions.