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Gender identity and sexual orientation are often overlooked factors that impact how people experience antisemitism.
Tsvi Reiter, Yvonne Reiter and Hei Le participate in Yvonne’s bat mitzvah ceremony, which was performed over Zoom due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Judith Kaplan became the first American bat mitzvah in 1922. The Jewish coming-of-age ceremony has become more popular for girls ever since.
A Jewish woman lights a candle for the festival of Hanukkah at the Western Wall Plaza in Jerusalem.
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The Jewish festival of Hanukkah, which in 2022 begins on the evening of Dec. 18, focuses on the story of the male Maccabees. But women are also heroes in histories from that era, including Judith and Hannah.
Ultra-Orthodox women have become the primary breadwinners in their families.
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A Jewish studies scholar discusses the societal changes that women are leading in ultra-Orthodox communities.
Women prisoners at the Auschwitz train station around 1944.
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While male and female prisoners at Auschwitz faced the same ultimate fate – torture, forced labor and near-certain death – women sometimes reacted differently to Nazi captivity.