The Earth is round.
Alistair Berg/DigitalVision via Getty Images
Gravity, mass and centrifugal force all contribute to the final shape of a planet.
Members of Shackleton’s Nimrod Expedition (1907–1909) gather round a gramophone player in Antarctica.
Artist Unknown/Getty Images
A strong mind was key to surviving the monotony faced by Antarctic explorers enduring the isolation of long, remote winters.
The Casey Station is part of Australia’s permanent outpost in Antarctica.
Buildings and human disturbance in Antartica is clustered in an ice-free zone that is essential to most of the continent’s biodiversity.
Klipbokberg, Grootrivierhoogte, in the Cederberg. These mountains contain clues about ancient landscapes.
A record of sea-level change from 400 million years ago in South Africa, reveals how ecosystems and environments collapsed at the South Pole.
PM-3A McMurdo Station, Antarctica.
US Army Engineer Research and Development Labs - United States Antarctic Program, Antarctic Photo Library
For just ten years Antarctica was home to a nuclear power station called “Nukey Poo”.
The earth’s missing ‘fingerprint’ sits somewhere in the upper atmosphere, but for some reason eludes climatologists.
Without understanding why the ‘fingerprint’ has failed to appear our predictions about global warming - as carbon dioxide concentrations increase - are uncertain.
Australia (whose flag is pictured on the right) is one of several countries with a big stake in the South Pole.
Josh Landis/US NSF/Wikimedia
It’s one of the remotest places on Earth and yet is still claimed by six nations – including Australia.
Ice cold physics: hunting for neutrinos in Antarctica.
Sven Lidström, IceCube/NSF
A cubic kilometer of clear, stable ice could help physicists answer big questions about cosmic rays and neutrinos. Hardy scientists collect data via a unique telescope at the frozen bottom of the world.
The Ross Sea: one of the places where sea ice extent is increasing.
Brocken Inaglory/Wikimedia Commons
This year could well see a new record set for the extent of Antarctic sea ice – hot on the heels of last year’s record, which in turn is part of a puzzling 33-year trend in increasing sea ice around Antarctica…
BICEP2 is on the roof of the building on the left.
The astronomical instrument BICEP2 was deployed at the South Pole in 2009 to look for evidence that would support the theory of inflation, which tries to explain how the universe looked a trillionth of…