Researchers posed as constituents and emailed 3,685 legislators in 11 countries in Europe and Latin America to ask for help. Responsiveness varied by gender by up to 13 percentage points.
Whatever the eventual impact on women's candidacies post-pandemic, COVID-19 has the potential to shock the system, upending or reinforcing existing gender imbalances in political power.
The parliament in Indonesia is male-centric and Java-centric, discouraging women from participating in politics.
Interaction between between seven socio-political variables influence the level of women's parliamentary representation.