Statues like these - here Paul Kruger at Pretoria’s Church Square - are a reminder of a time when Afrikaners were the ruling class in South Africa.
Afrikaners in post-apartheid South Africa struggle with a historical sense of inferiority that reinforces their whiteness.
Renowned South African poet and liberation struggle hero Keorapetse Kgositsile.
Sunday World/ Tshepo Kekana
Keorapetse Kgositsile was made South Africa’s national poet laureate in 2006, the only person to have been given the honour.
Leon Thomas - from his debut album ‘Spirits Known and Unknown’.
The protest song "Malcolm's gone" not only pays tribute to one of the most influential black leaders, but provocatively likens him, as a Muslim and so-called enemy of the state, to Jesus Christ.
15th Street Platform with Writer, NYC.
Jon Naar/Jon Naar Photography
Perhaps it is time to return to the belief that graffiti is a political act. Maybe then we can embrace it as an agent for social change.
The cover of “Ghost town”.
A 1981 odd and eerie protest song, 'Ghost Town', still resonates today. It remains a cry out against injustice, against closed off opportunities by those who have pulled the ladder up.
Johnny Hallyday in concert in May 2014.
Johnny Hallyday was more than a music icon, he was a cultural symbol for the French lower and the middle classes. In his death he reconciled the country with the term popular culture.
Ségou is rich in arts and crafts, and has built its famous festival around the performing arts.
Guillaume Colin & Pauline Penot/Flickr
Ségou in Mali has successfully developed its urban cultural economy in ways that's inclusive, sustainable and context-sensitive.
Superstar rapper, Kanye West.
Hip-hop may benefit from a return to the crew and collective mentality, where the DJ once again is valued and plays a central creative role.
The All Blacks after beating the Springboks 57-0 in New Zealand on September 16, 2017.
South Africans supporting visiting New Zealand rugby teams took root in a tumultuous time as an expression of defiance against apartheid.
Madonna with her adopted son, David Banda, at an orphanage, 40 km from the capital Lilongwe April 19, 2007.
Voluntourists' ability to change systems, alleviate poverty or provide support for vulnerable children is limited. They don't have the skills and can perpetuate patronising and unhelpful ideas.
South Africa's perilous decline under Jacob Zuma's presidency is set out in two non-fiction books that provide unsettling, but essential reading.
Vladimir Lenin and Nadezhda Krupskaya.
Russian revolutionary Nadezhda Krupskaya, like other leading women in the new Stalin-led state, was marginalised. But in her case, because she was Lenin's widow.
South Africa’s sport facilities are sorely lacking.
Delwyn Verasamy/Mail & Guardiian
Sport participation in South Africa remains rooted in the dilemmas of colonial society. It necessitates an ongoing need for discourse, debate and dialogue on decolonisation in sport history.
Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa, in Cape Town.
From a heritage perspective, the transformation of Cape Town's grain elevator into an art museum delivers an innovative and creative solution to retaining and reusing industrial heritage sites.
Red carnations are laid on the Berlin tomb of German communist leader Rosa Luxemburg during a ceremony to commemorate her death.
If Rosa Luxemburg and her comrades had been successful with their German revolution in 1919, history would most probably have taken a very different course, avoiding the rise of fascism in Europe.
Migos performs during the Made in America Music Festival on 2 September, 2017.
What if the current cultural context is informing the production of mumble rap? In the contemporary western world, daily life is fuelled by widespread consumption of both products and images.
Country superstar Dolly Parton has a huge following across Africa.
Africa's broadcasters have a large role to play to ensure that country and western grows to its full potential on the continent.
Hugh Masekela performing during the 16th Cape Town International Jazz Festival.
Esa Alexander/The Times
South African trumpeter Hugh Masekela made an impact across the world during his decades-long musical career.
Nelson Mandela and his comrade, anti-apartheid activist, Fatima Meer.
Two South African "romance" struggle auto/biographies have focalised the anti-apartheid struggle through the lives of heroic women who were bound by love.
Filming of Maasai and tourist interactions.
How can we understand each other, especially when stereotypes cloud our view? An ethnographic movie captures a sense of the 'other' in an encounter between Maasai villagers and Dutch tourists.