Pollination in South Africa's ecosystems is extremely complex. However new advances such as pollen metabarcoding help us understand interactions between pollinators and pollen.
South African President Jacob Zuma's efforts to promote his unpopular nuclear project are weakening him politically but he still seems keen to pursue it.
There are a number of myths surrounding Cape Town's drought, one of them being that the city saw the crisis coming but didn't prepare for it.
Kenya's inadequate electricity supply is due to an over-reliance on hydropower, high energy and infrastructure costs.
With cutting-edge technologies and innovative business practices, Cape Verde can achieve its goal in a way that is cost-effective and equitable
The ‘war on terror' in Mali is building alongside a growing number of multinationals hoping to extract the oil and gas reserves of the Taoudeni basin, and a strong foreign military presence.
Cape Town promised alternative water sources with the ongoing drought being declared a disaster. Its main strategy is water rationing but climate models are also being used.
It’s important for the city of Cape Town to inspire residential trust in water restrictions. Without this, the harsh effects of the drought will be exacerbated.
A new approach to monitor changes to the earth's surface uses maps that consist of physical and human geographic data to explain what's changed.
The transnational project conceived 30 years ago to replenish the drying waters of Lake Chad finally seems poised to take off. But first, internal politics within member states must be overcome.
It's wrong to blame climate change for famine and conflict. These can either be prevented, or the impact minimised, if institutions and mechanisms of good governance are in place.
South Africa's Karoo region potentially holds shale gas that could transform the energy economy of the country. But given the uncertainties around exploration what's the next logical step?
Marine mammals are often referred to as sentinels of the ocean and research on whales and dolphins in particular contributes important knowledge about the health of our seas.
Historically low rainfalls have led to severe droughts in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. But various solutions exist to mitigate the social and economic impact.
There is increasing evidence from across many African and South Asian countries that contextual, timely climate information, helps farmers manage the risks they face.
Local and indigenous communities remain mostly excluded from real benefits, and conservation often comes at a huge cost to them.
Amu Coal a Kenyan and Chinese consortium is set to build a coal plant in an area untouched by industrial development. The emissions alone will double the country’s energy sector's CO2 emissions.
Ethiopia's GIBE III dam has been labelled the world's most controversial dam due to environmental and social impacts and the displacement of indigenous people.
Invasive plants have an impact on native species and unless these factors are properly understood, it is difficult to predict what sort of impact invasive plants will have.
After decolonisation and independence a new conservation document was needed, one that looks after the needs of the people. That's what the Maputo Convention aims to do.
A recent study shows how the number of vulnerable and endangered amphibians is nearly double that of birds or mammals. Strategies need to be put in place, and fast.
Nigeria is rich in water resources. but poor management has led to water scarcity in the country.
Lake Tana in Ethiopia has been massively affected by the invasive weed, water hyacinth. Control methods are available but there are challenges.
Crop losses in African countries due to insect pests are estimated at 49%. However, with some species losses can climb up to 100%.
Smart meters may help water saving initiatives as the drought persists in South Africa’s Western Cape. It can help those who need achieve saving targets.
At present, the Middle East and North African region contains 7% of the world's population but only has access to 1.5% of its renewable freshwater supply through rainfall.
Industrial gold mining companies in eastern Congo have faced violent attacks over friction between industrial and artisanal mining.
Desalination has been proposed as one of many strategies to deal with the water shortages. But the process is known to be expensive and harmful to the environment.
The first online rhino auction in South Africa wasn't a success. This has done very little to help rhinos. It may, in fact, encourage more poaching as demand has not slowed down.
Military style anti-poaching is often criticised because it alienates communities living around protected areas. But these initiatives give them an incentive to protect the species.
The urgency of an agreement to reasonably and equitably share benefits on the Nile Basin can't be overstated. It would create a a transparent atmosphere in the countries that depend on the Nile.
Kenya can explore at least four key actions, based on past commitments and institutional structures, to transform the economic future of its oceans.
The rhino horn auction in South Africa is a serious setback in the fight against poaching and the survival of wild rhinos. The chances of the horns remaining in the country are next to zero.
The centralised regulation of electric power in Nigeria is stalling progress in the sector. To achieve stable power supply, the country must obey its constitution and decentralise regulation.
Greening cities have a huge impact. The trees go beyond just lowering temperatures. They help decrease the demand for indoor cooling like air-conditioners saving money.
Heavy rains, poor and clogged drainage systems have made many towns and cities in Nigeria susceptible to massive flooding.
Rare colour variants of hunted African species have been known for a long time. Trophy hunters seeking novelty might pay more to hunt these unusually coloured animals.
Exposure to neonicotinoids could lead to fewer bumblebee colonies, less pollination, and ultimately to population extinctions.
Many mammals depend on large areas and trans-boundary conservation for their survival. When this is obstructed it can have a catastrophic impact on animal populations.
Conservationists need to assess costs which allow for the adequate compensation of communities on protected lands, whose livelihoods are deeply entwined with forest use.
Agricultural pests are one of the key factors affecting small holder farmer production. Focus is normally put on invertebrate pests, but rodents can do severe damage to crops as well.
Most African cities are expensive, informal and non-industrial. This has produced unique socioeconomic and environmental risks that must be carefully considered in policy development.
Early warning signs of a pending drought are difficult to recognise but cities will have to be better prepared for prolonged changes in weather patterns, so that it can respond quickly.