Psalm 137 – best known for its opening line, 'By the Rivers of Babylon' – is a 2,500-year-old Hebrew psalm that deals with the Jewish exile -remembered each year on Tisha B'av.
In the 19th century, slaveholders advertised widely for runaway slaves and often hired men to track and capture fugitives. African-American communities offered sanctuary space to the runaways.
In the 19th century, critics and audiences thought blacks were incapable of singing as well as their white, European counterparts. Greenfield forced them to reconcile their ears with their racism.
Many groups have been labeled 'enemy' in the American past. A literary scholar looks at the role literature and philosophy have played in dispelling fears and shifting public attitudes.
The dramatic story of the rise and fall of the Freedman's Bank 1865-1874