The Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh is under pressure from regional leaders to cede power.
The Gambian election dispute is not the first that ECOWAS has confronted. Côte d’Ivoire’s 2010 presidential election is a case in point. There it resorted to military action to enforce the outcome.
A mural depicting populist dictators painted onto remnants of the Berlin Wall in Berlin in 2014.
The legitimacy and credibility of those in power has been eroded by bad governance, patronage and the obsession to claim an exclusive agency representing the people.
A farm worker tends to a tobacco crop in Beatrice, Zimbabwe. The county has struggled to deliver land reform that benefits landless communities.
Zimbabwe like many other post colonial governments across the globe continues to struggle to attain equitable land reform.
US President-elect Donald Trump has displayed behaviour that will resonate with autocrats in Africa.
Besides worries that Donald Trump might not make Africa a priority of his presidency, his temperament and views bode ill for democracy on the continent.
President Robert Mugabe has ruled Zimbabwe for 36 years.
Outsiders might not understand how someone who led his country’s downfall from breadbasket to basket case has remained in the presidency for so many years
If the Donald Trumps of the world want to find out how the masters of manufacturing elections work, they had better visit Zimbabwe before their internecine struggles close them down
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame is seen as having promoted economic growth at the expense of human rights.
To improve, African countries need to find a balance between political and economic matters. This is where leadership becomes particularly important. But this is currently lacking on the continent.
Unemployed graduates are among those demanding political change in Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe's students and graduates are angry. They have every reason to be. The country's finances are badly managed and its economy is in crisis.
Robert Mugabe isn’t going anywhere. Or is he?
Technocrats across the African continent are battling to change the direction of corrupt, violent governments
Zimbabwe's ruling party is facing a wave of online and offline protest.
Supporters of Zimbabwean Pastor Evan Mawarire outside the Harare Magistrates’ Court during his trial.
The new forms of protest in Zimbabwe raise the possibility that the country's long-simmering crisis may have reached boiling point. The time could indeed be ripe for a unique form of politics.
Riot police detain residents of Epworth suburb after a protest by taxi drivers turned violent in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe has experienced another wave of discontent, manifesting in protests by its citizenry. This may well herald a change in the idea of citizenship in the country.
Going nowhere: Robert and Grace Mugabe.
Robert Mugabe's indigenisation laws demand that companies operating in Zimbabwe transfer most of their capital into local hands.
Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni signs an anti-gay bill into law on February 24 2014.
Consensual same-sex conduct is a crime in 38 African countries. The media in those countries are very much in cahoots with their rulers. But they're getting their comeuppance from Twitter.
African leaders meet at the African Union Summit held in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 2015.
Silencing the guns in Africa by 2020 will require a Herculean effort on the part of the AU Peace and Security Council, whose remit is to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts.
Julius Malema, leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), greets supporters at the launch of the party’s local election manifesto in Soweto.
Understandable anger about the excessive inequality in South Africa lies at the heart of the rise of the radical Economic Freedom Fighters. The problem is how the party wants to address these issues.
Crowds cheer as Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe arrives to address the country’s Independence Day celebrations in Harare.
Namibia's new elite has used "affirmative action" for self-enrichment, while the majority of the population remains excluded from its the wealth. Meanwhile, Zimbabwe's socio-economic woes continue.
Joice Mujuru, leader of the new opposition Zimbabwe People First party.
Opposition parties have emerged at different stages of Zimbabwe’s post-independence history but none have seriously threatened ZANU-PF dominance.
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace. Mugabe has been in power since 1980.
It is normal for resistance movements to adopt rough survival strategies and techniques while fighting an oppressive regime. Unfortunately that culture takes root and is permanently nurtured.
Supporters of Robert Mugabe campaign ahead of the February 1980 election.
British diplomats put their money on the wrong man after the Lancaster House agreement.