The impact of junk food advertising on childhood obesity is a topic often debated in the media. One side calls for banning junk food advertising during children’s television viewing times while the other questions whether ad bans will work, decrying a “nanny state”.
Some commentators choose to lay blame squarely on parents’ shoulders, as if that alone will be enough to reverse the worrying levels of childhood obesity in Australia. But the complexity surrounding childhood obesity and the need to act cannot be denied.
One in four Australian children is considered overweight, and unfortunately a high proportion of these kids will become overweight adults. This increases their chance of developing chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
What’s more, obesity is costing us more than $58 billion a year. So it’s essential to put aside the rhetoric, assess evidence and consider a multifaceted approach.
The role of junk food advertising
Tackling junk food advertising is one part of a wider approach to fighting childhood obesity. It’s all about setting healthy habits for life early on – prevention, as they say, is better than cure.
Admittedly, junk food advertising aimed at children is a bugbear of mine and it’s an issue I feel strongly about. Children are like sponges, noticing everything. So when it comes to advertising, they remember the jingles, the tempting toy offers, and the “cool” factor.
Children remember advertisements and, more often than not, they want what they see. Of course, this is exactly what junk food advertisers want, as successfully targeted young children will have brand allegiance for life. The Australian food industry spent more than $400 million on marketing in 2010; they spend big bucks because it makes them big bucks.
And how does this translate to the shopping trolley? Research shows that, on average, children pester their parents 15 times during every trip to the supermarket and are successful in half of these attempts.
The main question we need to ask ourselves, in light of Australia’s current levels of obesity, is do we really want children surrounded with enticing junk food advertisements? Evidence suggests that the more junk food advertising children see, the more likely they are to prefer high fat, salt or sugar foods.
So it’s an uphill battle for parents to get their kids to eat healthy food.
The blame game
Unfortunately, there’s a tendency to blame parents within mainstream media and online forums, such as The Punch; parents should just say “no” is often cited as the solution.
Of course parents can say no, but we have to acknowledge they’re up against Goliath. We’re talking about multimillion-dollar junk food giants with big bucks to produce advertising carefully designed to influence kids (and sometimes parents) into buying their unhealthy products.
Their advertising and marketing is very sophisticated, with advertisers having many more avenues for reaching children. Children today have the internet, email, various smartphone Apps, children’s magazines and mobile phones – none of which existed when we were kids.
Also, parents don’t necessarily have control over what their children eat when away from home. So just saying no is like closing the door after the horse has bolted.
What, then, is the solution? Ever the pragmatist, I think it’s multifaceted. I believe government legislation is essential and much has been written about this previously.
It’s also important to increase parents' understanding of the role junk food advertising and marketing plays in influencing their child. Parents need information at the fingertips so they can make choices on what their kids are exposed to.
This week Cancer Council NSW launched Fat Free TV Guide, an interactive website which allows parents to search over 100 popular television shows, rating and ranking the best and worst, based on how much junk food is advertised to children.
Saturday night programs such as the AFL, family movies and X-Factor have topped the list, with children exposed to 26 junk food advertisements for products such as chocolate, high-sugar and caffeine-added energy drinks, and for fast-food chains over a six-hour viewing period. Armed with this knowledge, parents may choose to turn the television off, record these shows (to skip the advertisements) or mute the ads.
Like it or not, we live in a brand-driven society and big businesses aren’t going to stop advertising junk food without a fight.
In the absence of regulations, the Fat Free TV Guide gives parents a little knowledge to help them even up the playing field. But let’s be clear, this is only one part of a wider solution to junk food advertising and childhood obesity.