Addressing male cultures of tribalism and violence needs to be central to the response to reports of hazing and violence in Austrslia's university colleges.
Hazing is unacceptable, but criminalising it may cause more problems than it solves.
Another student has died due to hazing. Research shows that there has been at least one such death in the US since 1954 (with 1958 the only exception). So why does hazing happen in the first place?
With the fall term underway and an ongoing case over the death of a Penn State pledge in February, colleges are trying once again to figure out why hazing happens and what should be done to stop it.
Military institutions and militarised cultures seek to generate a unity of people and purpose. Initiation rituals have been a historically stable strategy to achieve this.