Max Halberstadt/Wikimedia Commons
Sigmund Freud understood that mental conflict could become physical disability.
Repression is a defensive process where the mind forgets or places events, thoughts and memories we cannot acknowledge or bear elsewhere.
The debate about the nature of early trauma memories and their recovery isn't new.
Some soldiers’ wounds in WWI were more mental than physical.
George Metcalf Archival Collection
Mental health trauma has always been a part of war. Treatments have come a long way over the last century, but we still don't understand why the responses change for different people and times.
A photo by Albert Londe of a ‘hysterical’ woman taken around 1890.
Wellcome Library, London
Psychiatrists in the 19th century began attributing self-harm to a desire to manipulate others.
Describing someone as 'hysterical' associates them with traits long deemed feminine – being overly emotional, out-of-control and irrational. If levelled against a male, the charge would impugn his manliness.