The military is not tactically trained for community protection and crime fighting and South Africa should not deploy soldiers in urban communities.
Scouts should manage human-wildlife conflicts.
Military style anti-poaching is often criticised because it alienates communities living around protected areas. But these initiatives give them an incentive to protect the species.
KwaZulu-Natal is home to smaller wildlife sanctuaries and private game reserves like Hluhluwe-iMfolozi where poaching has increased.
South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province is bearing the brunt of renewed rhino poaching efforts. This is a result of increased security and anti-poaching in the Kruger National Park.
Dehorning is practised on many South African private reserves and is seen as a way of deterring poachers.
A few national parks and reserves want to dehorn rhinos and there is a lobby for a regulated and closely monitored legal trade in rhino horn. But this is met by opposition from many.
Citizen scientists have a great deal to contribute.
Mount Rainier National Park/Flickr
More and more Africans are becoming citizen scientists – and the benefits are huge both for them as individuals and for science on the continent.
Violence to protect rhinos in southern Africa’s peace parks is the complete opposite to what the parks were envisaged to stand for.
There are very violent confrontations in southern Africa's peace parks. This is partly due to a violent history dating back to the apartheid era that has never been adequately addressed.
When elephants venture into human settlements, they cause significant damage to crops and property.
Elephant numbers are increasing in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Their search for food is leading them into conflict with farmers living adjacent to game parks. Bees could prove to be the answer to the problem.
Africa is the go-to destination for tourists seeking animal safari trips.
Safaris are a major tourist attraction for those travelling to Africa - and visitors are spoiled for choice on the continent.
The debate around whether fences aid or curb poaching continues while units try hunt poachers.
Dropping fences can help the fight against poaching by inviting the people living in surrounding areas to take care of the animals.