When the establishment retains some leverage over reformers change can be slow, superficial, and short-lived. Sudan appears to be a textbook case of this scenario.
Al-Bashir's ability to play a skillful combination of internal and external balancing acts, plus ruthless repression and a divided opposition, kept him in power for three decades.
Gabon's strongman president, Ali Bongo, is barely clinging to power after contested elections, a stroke and a coup attempt. The Bongo family has run this stable central African nation for 52 years.
A dictionary of African politics reveals the witty and insightful political terminology that people in different African countries use.
The African Peer Review Mechanism got off to a good start, but enthusiasm soon waned.
Nelson Chamisa has the opportunity to foster peace, tolerance and democracy within Zimbabwe's main opposition party.
South Africa's electoral commission's failure to ensure a credible voters' roll threatens to undo its legacy of free and fair elections.
For many Zimbabweans Robert Mugabe will remain a contested figure.
South Africa’s Constitutional Court has performed remarkably well in protecting democracy since 1995.
The question of land has been hotly contested in Namibia ever since independence.
The ANC has lost so much support among its traditional voters it's now forced to look beyond them to retain power.
Jair Bolsonaro has very rightwing views likely to put a final nail in the coffin off Brazil's Africa moment spearheaded by former president Lula da Silva.
After the 1994 genocide, Rwanda pivoted towards the Anglophone world. But not entirely.
If the MDC-Alliance claims Zanu-PF and Zimbabwe's electoral commission rigged the elections, the onus is on them to prove it.
Zimbabweans face a complicated array of choices at the polls.
The credibility of Zimbabwe's elections will depend on issues like political violence and media freedom.
The problem with South Africa's governing ANC, is that to many of its members, politics is not about public service but about resources.
As Emmerson Mnangagwa blames Grace Mugabe for a failed bombing at a rally, his rivals try to find a way to close the gap.
Some human rights activists worry that Cameroon could be the site of Africa's next civil war.
Many African elections are less than ideal. But is the rest of the world really that much better?