Articles on Europe

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In Paris’s André-Citroën Park, a balloon is used to measure air pollution. Bertrand Guay/AFP

The contest for the worst air pollutant

The number of substances emitted into the atmosphere is immense and growing, but some are particularly harmful to health and are subject to increased monitoring.
A worker answers a telephone in the office of pro-Brexit group Leave.EU in London, February 2016. REUTERS/Neil Hall

Brexit rooted more in elite politics than mass resentment

The history of Britain's vote to exit from the European Union, known as Brexit, is not a tale of populist resentment toward globalization. It is a top-down story of leaders and elite ideology.
French president Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte after a meeting with the Romanian president at the Elysee presidential palace (November 27, 2018). Bertrand Gauy/AFP

The 60th anniversary of France’s Fifth Republic: Out of breath?

With some "Gilet jaune" protestors calling for the removal of Emmanuel Macron, the French constitution is being criticized anew for concentrating too much power in the hands of the president.
In 2017, the reduction of gender pay gaps came to a halt at the global level. Prazis/Shutterstock

Can pay reporting help reduce the gender pay gap?

More and more countries are relying on the approach of transparency rather than regulation. Depending on local specificities, the results to date remain mixed.
Le Pont-Neuf et la Pompe de la Samaritaine, vue du quai de la Mégisserie, painting by Nicolas Raguenet (circa 1750-1760). Musée Carnavalet

Car-free Paris? It was already a dream in 1790

The debate over the place of cars in cities may seem recent, but pamphlets published during the French Revolution show that the battle was raging before the first automobile even saw the light of day.
City Skyline and Main River in Frankfurt, Germany. Valerian Alecsa / Shutterstock

New monetary policies: fuelling metropolisation and megalopolisation in Europe?

Economic polarisation across Europe is becoming an important phenomenon, in part driven by monetary policies that can increase office prices and can even affect the fundamentals that drive the markets.

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