X-rays, CT scans or MRIs may be necessary to detect TB in organs other than the lungs.
TB outside the lungs accounted for 14% of TB cases recorded globally in 2017.
A community health worker interacting with children in a village South Africa’s Limpopo province.
Anova Health Institute
Community-based HIV programmes helps improve access to health care.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), shown here as tiny purple spheres, causes the disease known as AIDS.
Mark Ellisman and Tom Deerinck, National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research
Headlines around the world declared that a second person was cured of their HIV. But while the results are encouraging, we're a long way from a cure.
A billboard built by sex education advocates outside Mexico’s National Population Council office, in Mexico City, warns that ‘being a mother is not child’s play.’ (May 29, 2014)
AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell
The White House will expand a law that cuts funding to abortion providers abroad. When the Bush-era 'global gag rule' was last in effect, abortion rates tripled in Latin America and doubled in Africa.
The film glosses over the bigotry Mercury faced as a queer man with HIV.
In the film, the real tensions of gay life in the 1980s – from government apathy towards the AIDS crisis, to rampant anti-gay prejudice – don't get their due.
Access to affordable medical treatment can save lives.
The global cancer burden especially in developing countries is exacerbated by the high cost of treatment.
Women in Malawi visit clinics many more times in their lives than men.
Female-centred health services are good, but they may detract from gender equality and men’s health.
STIs are a serious health threat.
STI prevention was largely driven by HIV prevention. With changes in HIV prevention initiatives that don't really take into account other STIs, there's need to refocus STI prevention.
Salty and fatty foods are driving up obesity.
At the turn of the century, the greatest threats were posed by infectious diseases today, the biggest threats are posed by lifestyle diseases.
Personalised medicine aims to tailor treatment according to each person’s genetic makeup.
Gene sequences can be manipulated to prevent certain diseases and improve public health.
Australians are safer too if temporary visitors can access HIV prevention.
Eradicating a virus from the community requires everyone to have access to prevention, as is the case with tuberculosis. So why not HIV?
While women in sub-Saharan Africa live longer than men, many of these extra years are lived in poor health.
Data suggest that people are living many years in poor health in Africa.
Researchers studying Alzheimer’s disease use fetal tissue for their experiments.
The Trump administration has banned NIH researchers from using fetal tissue. The tissue is an essential tool for scientists investigating diseases ranging from Alzheimer's to Zika virus infections.
Taking the HIV self-test gave nurses valuable insights into what their patients go through.
The WHO recommends testing for HIV every 6 to 12 months.
Knowing your HIV status is key to accessing life-saving treatment or evaluating the best prevention options.
The largest number of HIV-exposed but uninfected children are in South Africa.
HIV negative children born to women with HIV have a greater risk of dying before their first birthday.
More than a year after a groundbreaking liver transplant doctors still can’t say if the recipient is HIV-positive or not.
A liver transplant from an HIV-positive living donor to an HIV-negative recipient is possible, but there are still gaps in our knowledge.
The theme for World Aids Day is “know your status”.
Access to HIV testing is an important factor in reaching UN goals that 90% of people with HIV must know their status by 2020.
Jiankui He claims he has used CRISPR to edit the genomes of twin girls.
The world seemed to be inching forward with CRISPR gene editing technology – but suddenly the forbidden fruit has been plucked, and some even worry that the CRISPR tree has been cut down.
A still from the ‘tombstone’ public health campaign.
The tombstone, revolver and grim reaper imagery of the 1980s and early 1990s have cast a long shadow.