Low-carbon initiatives in cities like Rwanda’s Kigali can help citizens to deal with the harsh effects of climate change.
From an economic point of view, low-carbon plans in rapidly urbanising areas can have massive benefits for East African cities.
A solar-powered microgrid in India.
Abbie Trayler-Smith / Panos Pictures / UK Department for International Development
Developing countries need technical and financial aid to begin the transition to low-carbon energy now, not just pledges to invest in energy R&D with payoffs decades from now.
The G7 leaders are hoping to point the world towards a low-carbon transition.
EPA/Sven Hoppe/AAP Image
G7 leaders have pledged to help end the world's fossil fuel use by the end of the century. It's a laudable aim, but decarbonisation can and should be done by the middle, not the end, of this century.
Countries should make pledges to fund low-carbon research - such as developing solar technology - and development as part of global climate talks.
University of Salford Press Office/Flickr
Countries will take emissions reduction pledges to international climate talks in Paris at the end of this year. Those pledges should also include funds for low-carbon R&D.
Scaling back coalmining is one way Australia could make big progress towards its emissions targets.
The Climate Change Authority has recommended Australia cut greenhouse gas emissions 30% below 2000 levels by 2025. While sensible, the government is unlikely to accept, and the target misses bigger opportunities to cut emissions.
The massive Ivanpah Solar Power Facility in California was partially funded by a large Department of Energy loan guarantee yet the policy has been harshly criticized.
The world needs new energy technologies to meet global demand and slow emissions. Government plays an outside role in energy so what policies work best for innovation?