The prizes are among the country's most prestigious accolades for science-related achievements. This year marks their 20th anniversary.
Lee's research identified the cause of mysterious and devastating mass frog extinctions that spread across the world starting in the 1970s: it was a skin fungus.
The 2018 Prime Minister's Prizes for Science were awarded at Canberra's Parliament House on October 17. Along with the top prize, life science, physics, innovation and teaching were recognised.
There are many cultural and social factors involved in making a baby into a man or a woman. But biologically speaking, sex starts when you're just a tiny group of cells in your mother's uterus.
The 2017 Prime Minister's Science Prize winner is genetic researcher Professor Jenny Graves, well known for her 2002 suggestion that the male Y chromosome will self-destruct.
It sounds weird, but releasing small cane toads ahead of the main invasion front can help predators learn to avoid the biggest, most toxic ones. Here's exactly how it works.
University of Sydney conservation scientist Rick Shine has won a top science honour, for work that uses evolutionary theory to try and keep cane toads from killing Australia's native wildlife.