Penguins are sensitive to ecosystem changes such as reduction of available prey, pollution and climate change. Their presence and abundance is indicative of a healthy and balanced ecosystem.
The HIV/AIDS response played out over a much longer trajectory than COVID-19. But it is, in some respects, a shining example of what can be achieved when countries and people work together.
Extreme heatwaves aren't systematically monitored in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This leads to unnecessary and premature deaths which are often unrecorded.
Currently there is no specific antiviral drug to treat COVID-19 and no vaccine to prevent it. Most treatment strategies focus on symptomatic management and supportive therapy.
It is essential to add genomic data from all global populations - including Africa. This will ensure that everyone can benefit from the advances in health.
Our findings suggest that cabotegravir is much more effective than Truvada in preventing HIV infection in women.
African countries have proven that they have the skills and expertise to provide local solutions to this global pandemic. They need to build on this success together to keep the pandemic at bay.
Digital contact tracing apps can successfully contribute to the management of viral outbreaks. These apps can even be designed to protect privacy rights and to work across borders.
Rural communities are dynamic and complex. Imposing innovations that don't speak to the needs of these communities will inhibit rural development.
Health surveillance assistants provide services in village clinics, mainly by assessing signs and symptoms in sick children. An electronic community case management app could make their job easier.
Universities that pay academics to publish their research should do so with caution.
Smoke alarms are used extensively in formal buildings around the world to alert occupants to impending fires, but until recently they've not been used informal dwellings.
Most efforts in Africa to date have been financially supported and driven from outside the continent.
To achieve sustainable, functional buildings, architects in cities like Lagos need to consider local realities.
The experience of the Oxford vaccine and the measures put into place are not unusual. Many phase one and phase two clinical trials have holding rules.
There is an app that helps frontline healthcare workers deal with the mental health challenges they face in the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Nigerian ministry of agriculture and rural development needs to focus on the adoption of modern rice processing techniques.
Less than 1% of the world’s research is produced in Africa.
Healthcare professionals should develop new ways of measuring health outcomes, taking relevant cultural factors into consideration.
Interventions using apps show promise as they could improve care for patients with chronic conditions. But patients can't benefit from innovations unless they accept them and use them effectively.