Colonialism and apartheid sought to make traditional leaders accountable to white officials by tying them to land.
South Africa's rural communities where mining licenses have been granted are often excluded from consultations and bear the brunt having their environment and livelihoods destroyed.
Villagers from a community in South Africa's Eastern Cape fought to be consulted and for the power to consent to mining their land.
The main reason land reform in South Africa has been lethargic is not the Constitution, but a flawed approach.
The question of land has been hotly contested in Namibia ever since independence.
Shortcomings of Namibia's land reforms suggest that voluntary, market-based transactions might not be suitable.
South Africa's constitution has been amended 17 times already. But, the procedure for doing so is onerous.
South Africa urgently needs to rethink its existing agricultural model.
The current debate about land reform in South Africa could open the door to reviewing urban land ownership issues.
South Africa's land reform programme will fail if it continues to neglect smallholder farming.
South Africa's land reform process will fail if it continues to neglect small and emerging black farmers.
Some communities on South Africa's Platinum Belt have received substantial mining revenues, but these are controlled by chiefs.
In practice, land expropriation in South Africa will be a matter of deciding which descendants of the dispossessed are entitled to it.
South Africa's land policy is flailing around in the dark, with the haziest of understandings of how well or how badly land reform is doing.
A tumultuous era has ended and there's a silver lining to the cloud that has been hanging over South Africa.
Maize production in Zimbabwe in 2017 is at its highest for decades.
There is very little clarity as to who owns what land in South Africa. A lack of reliable data and statistics doesn't help.
To stimulate innovation in the agriculture sector education and training is in dire need of substantial reform for greater integration, cooperation and accountability.
South Africa should review its rural development strategy and land reform policy to win the fight against rising poverty.
The conventional view is that insecurity of land tenure results from the lack of a registered title deed which records the property rights of occupants of land or housing.