The long history of racist beauty standards alone cannot explain the ongoing global use of harmful skin lighteners.
It’s 200 years since the legendary African American abolitionist and ex-slave Frederick Douglass crossed the Atlantic and found freedom in northeast England.
The television dramas have not exaggerated the horrors of the slave trade. The reality was often even worse for Africans taken from their homes.
In the era of neoliberal capitalism, both the ideology of Pan-Africanism and the legacy of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade have become marketable commodities.
Under Fidel Castro, Cuba declared itself as an atheist state. Castro’s relationship with religion, however, was far more complex. It left a deep impact on the religious identity of Cuba.